Mzingwane catchment is bordered by the following districts Umzingwane, Gwanda, Matopo, Plumtree, Bulili, Beitbridge, Filabusi, Mwenezi, and Mberengwa. The catchment area is approximately 63 000 km2 .
Mzingwane Catchment is divided into 4 sub-catchments namely Lower Mzingwane, Upper Mzingwane, Shashe and Mwenezi. Mzingwane river system consists of all the catchments of the Mwenezi river and its tributaries, including all small rivers and streams down to the Mozambique border, and the whole catchments of the Bubi and Mzingwane rivers and their tributaries and streams down to Limpopo river, and the whole catchment of the Shashe river and its tributaries and streams down to the Limpopo.
Mzingwane catchment relief patterns varies with districts the lowest altitude is in Beitbridge ranging from 150-300m and the highest in Gwanda district with range from 900-1 100 mm.
The catchment falls within natural regions 4 and 5 characterised by low rainfall. The rainfall is very erratic and has been much so with the recent droughts. The mean annual rainfall is 300 and the rain season runs from October to April. The dry season covers the rest of the months. The annual mean minimum temperature for the catchment is 5o C and the mean maximum temperature is 30 degrees Celsius. Evaporation for the catchment ranges from 1800mm 2000mm per annum.
The catchment has a wide range of socio-economic activities ranging fromwildlife /game viewing (Gonarezhou, Matopo and Malipati national parks) and many other private safari operators e.g. Sondelani ,Mazunga Nuanetsi ranch. Fishing and other recreational activities in major dams e.g. Zhove, Inyankuni, Mayfair and Upper/Lower Ncema.