The Zimbabwe National Water Authority (ZINWA) is a wholly Government owned entity tasked with managing the country’s water resources. The Authority falls under the Ministry of Lands, Agriculture, Water and Climate and it was established in 2000 following the promulgation of the Zinwa Act and the Water Act.
The functions of the Authority are spelt out in Section 5 of the Zinwa Act as:
- Providing water to the nation in a cost effective manner
- Ensuring the equitable accessibility and efficient use of water resources
- Minimising the impact of floods and droughts
- Assisting catchment councils in their functions
- Providing technical assistance, training consultancy on a cost recovery basis.
- Operating and maintaining water works in order to provide water in bulk to local Authorities and reticulated water o consumers on behalf of local authorities who lack the capacity to provide the service.
- Undertaking research, developing databases and producing maps.
- Promoting co-operative management of internationally shared water courses.
- Advising on water policy and national standards on: water resources planning, management and development , dam safety, hydrology and hydrogeology, water pricing and policy